NEW YORK – Stocks staged one of their strongest rallies of the year Tuesday, erasing a big decline from the day before, after a Federal Reserve official said he supported more measures to stimulate the economy.
The Dow Jones industrial average shot up 162 points, and every major category of stock in the U.S. market closed higher. The Dow rose 1.3 percent, to close at 12,573.80. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index gained 15.25 points to 1,324.18, and the Nasdaq composite rose 33.34 to 2,843.07. Trading was light for a second day.
Charles Evans, president of the Fed’s Chicago bank, told Bloomberg News that he supported action to produce faster job growth, including having the Fed commit to super-low interest rates until unemployment falls significantly.
Last week, Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke told a committee of Congress that he was ready to act if the economy needs it, but he laid out no immediate steps.
Investors have been worried about an escalating crisis in Europe over government debt and the health of banks, and job growth in the United States has been slower during the past three months than it was earlier in the year.
“If there’s really bad news, it creates a heightened sense of anticipation that the Fed is going to ride to the rescue,” said Jeff Lancaster, a principal at the wealth advisory firm Bingham, Osborn & Scarborough in San Francisco.
“It’s almost like you’ve crashed your car and you’ve got a $500 deductible, and you take the car to the body shop and you just have this perverse desire for the damage to be well over $500,” he said.
Rob Lutts, president and chief investment officer of Cabot Money Management, said investors were looking for an excuse to buy.
“The question for Bernanke is should he add more medicine when he’s already doped up the patient enough already,” he said.
During the weekend, European countries committed to lend Spain up to $125 billion to save its failing banks. But on Monday, the Dow fell 142 points. Investors fretted that they did not know enough about the details.
The big rally in U.S. stocks on Tuesday came despite more discouraging signs from Europe. Spain’s borrowing costs jumped for a second day, to the highest level since Spain adopted the euro currency.
The interest rate, or yield, on Spain’s 10-year bond rose 0.20 percentage point to 6.67 percent. It rose as high as 6.81 percent earlier in the day. At 7 percent, economists say, countries generally can no longer finance their own debt.