CHARLOTTE, N.C. – Chris Clunie chuckles thinking about what Stephen Curry's marketing potential might've been at Davidson College during the Wildcats' remarkable 2008 NCAA Tournament run had Curry played in an era when college students could profit from fame and celebrity.
Curry jerseys. Curry shoes. Curry chicken sliders. Who knows what else?
“It would have been absolutely bananas around here,” laughed Clunie, a former Wildcats basketball player who now serves as the college's director of athletics.
The groundbreaking ruling that went into effect Thursday enabling college athletes to profit from use of their name, image or likeness for the first time has sent athletic directors and compliance officers scrambling. Even though the NCAA essentially cleared the decks for the money to flow — with some restrictions — it is up to schools to help ensure all those endorsement deals and social media shoutout arrangements follow state laws and still-fresh school policies.
In short, their job responsibilities have increased and become infinitely more complicated.
Clunie said the work is focused on educating athletes about making sure their newly granted marketing decisions are compliant.
“We want to support them,” Clunie said. “We want to make sure kids don’t make bad decisions and get trapped into opportunities that don’t make sense.”
Charlotte 49ers athletic director Mike Hill called this “one of the most exciting times in the history of college athletics."
Charlotte is one of many schools that has tried to get ahead of the curve, starting a “Greenlight” initiative that uses customized tools to allow college athletes to pursue opportunities associated with their NIL. The school has partnered with COMPASS and INFLCR to provide solutions for education, monitoring, disclosure, and brand-building. And there are other companies, too,, that have all struck deals with schools to help connect athlete to deal.
Hill said that while the university is “not in the business of negotiating or facilitating these opportunities,” he added that ”we have system in place where the student-athletes will provide information to us not to review and approve, so much as it is to ensure that it's clearly not a pay-for-play or a recruiting inducement of any kind and meets the minimum standards the NCAA has put forth regarding eligibility.”
Crossing that fine line is what concerns longtime Connecticut women's basketball coach Geno Auriemma. The Hall of Fame coach said he's made one simple request to his players: run any potential endorsement opportunities by him or the compliance department before signing.
“The last thing we want is to go, ’Hey coach, I got this great deal. Yeah, great, now you’re ineligible,'" Auriemma said.
Despite his excitement over the NIL rules, Hill anticipates there will be some issues to deal with in the coming months and years.
One of those involves agents.
While college athletes can hire agents to represent them to handle their NIL deals, those same agents are not allowed to advise them on professional athletic opportunities. Hill said delineating between the two could prove difficult.
“I think it's almost impossible to police that," Hill said.
On Thursday, the NFL Players Association sent out notifications to agents on just such a topic, saying in part, “Any NIL contracts entered into with college players by a contract advisor should be wholly separate from any future contract advisor services involving the negotiation of player contracts with NFL teams."
With the doors flung wide open on athletes receiving compensation for self-promotion, this is a new world for those who work mostly behind the scenes in college compliance offices.
Some of what is happening is contrary to the policies and procedures they've grown accustomed to for years.
“I think there will probably be a lot of nervous twitches from compliance staff as they see these (sponsorship) deals,” joked Cameron Walker, the deputy athletic director at Tennessee.
Chad Jackson, a senior associate AD for compliance at Baylor, summed it by saying, “prior to (Thursday), we simply said ‘no,’ We might not have liked saying ‘no,’ but that was the answer. It was pretty easy to just say ‘no.’
“Today, we’re saying, ‘yes, but ...,’ Jackson added. ”And that ‘but’ part is verified through the law and institutional policy.”
What complicates the NIL ruling is that not all school compliance officials will be working under the same guidelines.
For instance, Clemson doesn't allow use of the Tigers logo in NIL efforts “at this time.” However, Tennessee athletes can use the Volunteers logo and name — providing they get approval from the school first.
“We have encouraged our student-athletes and given them a contact person where, if you want to use the logo, this is person you contact and this is the process you go through to seek approval for that," Walker said. “So it not only depends on using the logo, but how you use the logo.”
And what about shoe deals?
An athlete at Baylor couldn't sign an endorsement deal with a competitor of school sponsor Nike under a brand-new Texas NIL law. However, Tennessee athletes can, providing they don't wear the competitor's brand — say Under Armour or Adidas — while participating in school activities.
College sports is entering the great unknown.
And there are many more questions to be resolved, including whether schools with significantly more marketing resources could impact an athlete's decision in recruiting, thus putting more distance between the haves and have-nots.
“The bottom line here is student-athletes have to take it upon themselves to step into this phase and educate themselves and think through this and do the right thing, while understanding the implications and all of the things that come with this new opportunity,” Clunie said. “For (schools), the work is less about helping them get opportunities but more about making sure if they're going about the opportunities in the right way.”